Cystitis is the inflammation of the urinary bladder, when cats develop diseases of the lower urinary tract (bladder and urethra) they are called ‘feline lower urinary tract diseases’.
What are the signs of feline lower urinary tract disease?
Difficulty in urinating
Blood in urine
What causes the disease?
Cats can develop this disease without any identifiable underlying cause however it can be caused by bladder stones, bacterial infections, tumours or anatomical abnormalities.
How is the disease treated?
The treatment will depend on the individual cat and the underlying cause however the most beneficial treatment is to increase the cats fluid intake, usually by feeding the cat tinned foods (wet foods) rather than dry, the cat should also be encouraged to drink more water.
How can it be prevented?
It is very hard to prevent this disease but it is more common in cats that fail to drink water regularly. It is also more common in multiple cat households and cats that are inactive and overweight. Pets owners can help prevent this disease by feeding a healthy diet and promoting exercise. It is also beneficial to feed cats that seldom drink water some wet food in their diet.